Below are the most common types of wounds, and what causes them.
Acute Wounds: This is just a way of saying a clean cut - whether it’s performed surgically, or if you cut yourself with a knife. These are actually the easiest types of wounds to heal, because your body sends instant messages to fix it.
Skin Tears: It is exactly what it sounds like, a tear in your skin. It happens when there is a loss of connection between the epidermis through the dermis. This can happen a number of ways, like catching your elbow on a door knob, or by dragging your skin against a surface when it is very weak.
Shear Damage: Results from a combination of friction and gravity. This can happen when your skin is stuck to the bed sheets, but gravity is pulling the rest of your body down. Eventually this can create problems especially if you already have a wound.
Pressure Damage: Results from prolonged or intense pressure usually around where a bone is prominent like your hip or lower back. Over time the pressure of the bone on your muscle compromises the tissue because it is not getting enough blood flow. Because of this pressure, bed sores will start under the skin where the muscle meets your bone.